- Full Name: Alexander Graham Bell
- Born: 3rd March, 1847
- Died: 2nd August, 1922
- United Kingdom (1847–1922)
- British-subject in Canada (1870–1882)
- Spouse: Mabel Hubbard (m: 1877)
- Occupation: Inventor, Scientist, Engineer, Professor, Teacher of Deaf
- University of Edinburgh
- University College London
- Best Known for:
- Inventing Telephone
- NAS Member (1883)
- Albert Medal (1902)
- John Fritz Medal (1907)
- Elliott Cresson Medal (1912)
Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish born inventor, scientist and engineer. He is best known for inventing the first practical telephone. Additionally, he was the co-founder of the American Telephone alongwith the Telegraph Company in 1885 (known as AT&T).
Graham Bell’s grandfather, father and brother all were connected with work on elocution and speech. His mother and wife both were deaf caused to influence his work of life. These situations in his life encouraged him to research on hearing and speech. It further led him to experiment with hearing devices. Bell was awarded with the first U.S. patent for the telephone on 7th March, 1876. The important thing is that he himself denied to have a telephone in his study.
Bell invented many other inventions in his later life like innovative work in optical telecommunications, aeronautics and hydrofoils. However, Bell was not counted as one of the 33 founders of the National Geographic Society. He was strongly influenced by the magazine while serving as the second president (7th January 1898 to 1903).
Apart from his scientific work, Bell was also an advocate of compulsory sterilization where he served as chairman of many eugenics organizations.