Charles Darwin – A naturalist, geologist and biologist

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Quick Facts

  • Full Name: Charles Robert Darwin
  • Born: 12th February 1809
  • Died: 19th April 1882
  • Nationality: British
  • Spouse: Emma Wedgwood ​(m. 1839)
  • Education:
    • University of Edinburgh Medical School (medicine)
    • Christ’s College, Cambridge Bachelor of Arts (1831)
    • Master of Arts (1836)
    • Geological Society of London
  • Known for:
    • The Voyage of the Beagle
    • On the Origin of Species
    • The Descent of Man
  • Awards: 
    • FRS (1839)
    • Royal Medal (1853)
    • Wollaston Medal (1859)
    • Copley Medal (1864)
    • Doctor of Laws (Honorary), Cambridge (1877)

Introduction

Charles Robert Darwin was born on 12 February 1809. He was a british naturalist, geologist and a biologist. He was best known for his contributions in the evolutionary science. According to his theories all species of life have descended from common ancestors over time. His theories are accepted now, and also known as the foundational concept in science.

He had introduced that scientific theory that the branching pattern of evolution has resulted from a natural selection process where the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection.

Darwin has been considered as one of the most influential scientists in history, who was also honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey.

Darwin had published the theory of evolution with proofs in his book ‘On the Origin of Species’ in 1859. By the 1870s, the scientific community and a most of the educated people had accepted his theories as facts. Darwin’s scientific discovery is the combined theory of the life sciences which explains the diversity of life.

See also  Sir Isaac Newton - The scientist who formulated laws of motion

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