Khao Luang Cave in Thailand

Khao Luang cave is one of the most visited caves in Phetchaburi province. It has the large number of Buddha images found inside the cave.

Location of Khao Luang Cave

Khao Luang cave is the tallest mountain in southern Thailand. It is in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. It also has a meter high Buddha image cast by order of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V).

The caves set in Khao Luang hill are very impressive which are almost 100 meters high, just North of Phetchaburi town. They have a number of caverns filled with beautifully illuminated golden Buddha images, several chedis and a large number of stalactites hanging from the ceiling.

Physical Environment

The Khao Luang mountain is the loftiest peak of a massif of several hills with steep pitches. It’s part of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Range, a subrange of the Tenasserim Hills.

Geologically this mountain conformation consists of a determinedness core under loose soils. On steep pitches, the soil covering the mountains can beget landslides when impregnated with water.

Khao Luang National Park at Khao Luang Cave

Khao Luang National Park is named after Khao Luang mountain. The demesne is mountainous with numerous altitudinous peaks along its range.

This park has mountains covering an area of 570 square kilometres (220 sq mi) with a large variety of wildlife and territories, including mountains, timbers, gutters and falls. The park was designated a public park on 18 December 1974, getting the ninth public park in Thailand. The headquarters of this park is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city of Nakhon Si Thammarat.
The mountainous park is a milepost for the Tapee River, Pak Phanang River, Klai River and Pakpoon River, Nopp Hitam.


Due to the park’s position on the promontory, it receives showers from both the east and the west beachfronts and means that the park receives rain all time and also cold rainfall. There are two main seasons. Rainy season from May to January with the heaviest downfall between October and December. Hot season is between February and April. Over the time the park receives roughly – millimetres (140 – 180 in) of downfall. The highest temperatures range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and the smallest from 15 °C (59 °F) to 15 °C (59 °F) in January and February.

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