LODHI GARDEN – Garden of Tombs and architectural works
Lodhi Garden (also spelled as Lodi Garden) in Delhi is the park having tombs of famous historical rulers. It is expanded into 90 acres of land. Lodhi garden is located on Lodhi Road between the Safdarjung Tomb and Khan Market. Thus this garden is the hot spot for morning walk for delhi people.
It has many architectural buildings from 15th century like Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Shisha Gumbad, Bara Gumbad and Tomb of Mohammed Shah. These building were created by Lodis from Lodi dynasty who ruled Delhi Sultanate between 1451 and 1526. Lodis also ruled the northern parts of India, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (in Pakistan). Now this garden or site comes under the supervision of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
- Location: Lodhi Road, Lodhi Estate,
- Type: Public Park
- Open: All 7 days
- 5.00 am to 8.00 pm (April – Sep)
- 6.00 am to 8.00 pm (Oct – March)
- Entry fee: Free
Bara Gumbad meaning Big Dome is in the middle of the Lodhi Garden. It has a large gateway with 3 connected domed mosque (masjid). Both Bara Gumbad and mosque were constructed in 1494 during the reign of Sikandar Lodi. shish Gumbad meaning Mirror dome is located in the opposite of Bara Gumbad. Adjacent to the central courtyard, there is a residence with remains of the water tank.
The garden has remains of water canals connecting Yamuna River to Sikandar Lodi’s Tomb. The walls are enclosing the Tomb. “Eight Pierced” or Athpula Bridge is near to Sikandar Lodi’s Tomb built during Akbar’s reign. It has seven arches out of which the central one is the largest.
The Tomb of Mohammed Shah was built in 1444 by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah as a salute to Mohammed Shah. This Tomb has many Hindu-style chhatris decorated with ornaments. There are towers at each corner. 16 sided drum is holding the main tomb. The main tomb is flattened and has chhatris surrounding it. After many years it was said that the Tomb of Sikandar Lodi has been copied from Tomb of Sayyid.
The tomb of Mohammed Shah can be seen from the outside road. This tomb has both the Hindu and Islamic styles of architecture. Hindu architecture includes 8 chhatris covered by a lotus finial with an ornamental band around the base.