**Quick Facts**

**Full Name**: Stephen William Hawking**Born**: 8th January 1942**Died**: 14th March 2018**Nationality:**British**Spouse:**Jane Wilde (m: 1965, div: 1995) | Elaine Mason (m: 1965, div: 2007)**Education:**- St Albans School in Hertfordshire
- University of Oxford (BA)
- University of Cambridge (PhD)

**Known for:**- Black Hole information paradox
- Hawking radiation
- A brief history of time
- Hawking Theorems
- Hawking Energy

**Awards:**- Adams Prize (1966)
- Eddington Medal (1975)
- Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)
- Heineman Prize (1976)
- Hughes Medal (1976)
- Albert Einstein Award (1978)
- Albert Einstein Medal (1979)
- RAS Gold Medal (1985)
- Dirac Medal (1987)
- Wolf Prize (1988)
- Prince of Asturias Award (1989)
- Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1992)
- Andrew Gemant Award (1998)
- Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)
- Lilienfeld Prize (1999)
- Albert Medal (1999)
- Copley Medal (2006)
- Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
- Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2012)
- BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)

**Introduction**

**Stephen William Hawking** was born on 8th January 1942 in Oxford. He was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and a writer. He also served the position of director of research at the Theoretical Cosmology Centre in the University of Cambridge before his death. Stephen Hawking was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at University of Cambridge (1979 to 2009).

Stephen Hawking was born in family of doctors. Hawking received his university education (BA (Hons.) degree in physics) at the age of 17 from University College, Oxford in 1959. In 1966, he received his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specialising in general relativity and cosmology at Cambridge.

In 1963, Hawking was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. It is an early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease which slowly paralysed him over the couple of years. ^{}^{} He lost his speech. But he was able to communicate through a speech-generating device.