Raj ghat is the samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi. RajGhat is the memorial dedicated to the father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This is actually a flat platform made of black marble in the open sky. In one corner of the platform, an eternal flames keeps on burning. This is the place of his cremation on 31st January 1948 after his assassination. The memorial has a lot of greenery in the surroundings and a big park with lot of green trees. The visiting dignitaries have planted these trees.
- Location: Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Ring Road, New Delhi
- Timings: 6.30 am to 6.00 pm
- Open: All days
- Closed: Every second Saturday of the month
- Best time to visit: October to March
- Is Camera allowed: Yes
History of Raj Ghat
Initially the name of the historic Ghat was Shahjahanabad. Daryaganj was East to it whereas Raj Ghat Gate opened at Rajghat to the west bank of the Yamuna river. Later, the memorial area was named Rajghat. This Memorial is made of black platform a black marble which marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi’s cremation, Antyeshthi on 31st January 1948, day next to his assassination.
Speciality of this Memorial is that it has an internal plane which keeps burning at one corner and it is left open to the sky. As it is located on Delhi Ring Road, so officially called as Mahatma Gandhi Road. This road is a stone Footpath flanked by lawns that leads to the walled enclosure that houses the memorial.
Materials used in the memorial
This Memorial is built on low cost housing architecture. Some portions of the Raj Ghat are made of hard material and some are low cost perishable materials.
There are some of the famous inscriptions of Mahatma Gandhi which are available at the RajGhat area. Some of them are:
- “Raghupati raghav raja ram
Patit pavan sita ram
Ishwar Allah tere naam
Sabko sanmati de bhagwan”
- “Do not listen to the rumor, but if you do, do not believe it.”
How to reach the memorial
The nearest metro station is the Pragati Maidan which is around 2.6 km far from RajGhat. There are many options available if someone wants to visit Rajghat by public transport. One can also hire E-Rickshaw to reach RajGhat which is cheaper and easily available.
- Shantivan(meaning Garden of Peace) which is Jawaharlal Nehru’s memorial and it is located to the north of the Raj Ghat.
- Shakti Sthal (meaning Place of power) is the memorial of the first Indian women Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. This is adjacent to the Jawaharlal Nehru’s memorial.
- Veer Bhoomi (meaning Land of Brave) is the memorial of the former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi.
- Kisan Ghat (meaning Farmer’s Platform) is the memorial of the legendary prime minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh who was known as the farmer’s leader. This memorial is adjacent to the Veer Bhoomi.
- Sangharsh Sthal (meaning Place of Struggle) is the memorial adjacent to Kisan Ghat and it is the memorial of Chaudhary Devi Lal. He was a big follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He also had a great involvement in the struggle of Independence from the Britishers with Mahatma Gandhi.
- Smriti Sthal (meaning Place of Remembrance) is the memorial of the former prime minister of India, I. K. Gujral.
- Vijay Ghat (meaning Victory Platform) is the memorial of the second prime minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri.
- Samta Sthal (meaning Place of Equality) is the memorial of the Deputy prime minister of India, Jagjivan Ram.
- Ekta Sthal (meaning Place of Unity) is the memorial dedicated to the former president of India, Giani Zail Singh.
- Karma Bhumi (meaning Land of Duty) is the memorial dedicated to the former president of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma.
- Jannayak Sthal (meaning Place of People’s leader) is created in the memory of the former prime minister of India, Chandra Shekhar.
- Sadaiv Atal (meaning Immortal) is dedicated to the former prime minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.