India Gate in Delhi – 1920s triumphal arch and War Memorial

India Gate
India Gate | Image Source

Visiting Detail

  • Location: Rajpath, India Gate, New Delhi-110001
  • Established: 10th February, 1921
  • Architect: Edwin Lutyens


India gate is among the most visited and people’s favorite places in India. It is located in the capital of India, Delhi. It is situated on the eastern tip of the ceremonial parkway, Rajpath, which is approximately 2.3 km away from Rashtrapati Bhavan. It is a historic site that is being devoted in order to honor Undivided India’s Army men who died between 1914 & 1921 throughout World War I.

Historic sites are usually the structures, sculptures, or other architectural features that are created with the purpose of commemorating war-victory or paying homage to all those who perished or were wounded in the war. To have a relaxing evening, Delhiites and visitors alike crowd the lawns of India Gate circling the site, embracing the light display at the fountain, and eating street food. At the India Gate’ C Hexagon, a National War Memorial is under work or development to remember all veterans of the military services lost after 1947.


The India Gate was constructed to pay tribute to the Eighty-Two Thousand Army soldiers of Undivided India. These soldiers sacrificed their lives while battling in the 1st World War and the 3rd Anglo-Afghan War for the British Empire (1919). This specific battle was carried out as a part of the 1917 British Imperial Mandate launched by the Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC).

At 4:30 PM, on 10 Feb. 1921, the Connaught’s visiting duke first laid the foundation stone. It was a formal ceremony which was being attended by Indian Army’s representatives and the Imperial Service Forces. At the ceremony, the presence of Commander in Chief and Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford were also noticed. That time he was the Viceroy of India.

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A pioneering designer of war memorials, Sir Edwin Lutyens designed the structure of the All India War Memorial. In Europe, he has built approximately 66 war memorials, such as the Cenotaph of London (built in the year 1919), as the IWGC’s member. Cenotaph is established by David Lloyd George, British prime minister. It is the 1st British National War memorial erected since World War I. The style is of a triumphal arch, just like the Arch de Triomphe in Paris, France.

India Gate is 42 m high and 9.1 m wide at the core of a structure of hexagonal shape with a 625 m. It has 360,000 sq. meter of the area in total. The construction material is mainly from Bharatpur sourced red & yellow sandstones. On a low foundation, the frame lies as well as rises and that also in the asymmetrical steps capped at the peak with a shallow dome.

Amar Jawan Jyoti

An L1A1 rifle installation, covered by a war shield over a plinth covered in black marble. It is positioned below the India Gate arch. Four urns circle the framework with continuously burning CNG-ignited flames. The letters “Amar Jawan” are engraved in gold on each face of the war memorial. It was constructed in December. 1971 and named Amar Jawan Jyoti, or Flame of the Eternal Soldier, for paying homage to the Indian troops who died in the war.